Oral Anticoagulation for Stroke Prevention in Canadian Practice: Stroke Prevention and Rhythm Interventions in Atrial Fibrillation (SPRINT-AF) Registry*
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BACKGROUND: We explored patterns of and factors associated with the use of oral anticoagulation (OAC) for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) in contemporary Canadian practice. METHODS: Phase 1 of the Stroke Prevention and Rhythm Intervention in Atrial Fibrillation (SPRINT-AF) registry was a cross-sectional retrospective study of patients with nonvalvular AF (NVAF). From December 2012-July 2013, 936 consecutive patients with NVAF were enrolled in SPRINT-AF. Of the 782 patients treated with OAC, the proportion treated with warfarin and a new oral anticoagulant (NOAC) was 53.2% and 46.8%, respectively. The rate of OAC use was 90.9% among patients with a CHADS2 (Congestive Heart Failure, Hypertension, Age, Diabetes, Stroke/Transient Ischemic Attack) score ≥ 2. RESULTS: On multivariable analysis, the 2 strongest factors associated with NOAC use (compared with warfarin use) were an improved side effect profile (as perceived by the patient) and improved efficacy (as perceived by the physician) (odds ratio [OR], 0.10; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.06-0.17; P < 0.01 and OR, 0.52; 95% CI, 0.36-0.76; P < 0.01, respectively). Lower cost was strongly associated with warfarin use (OR, 5.16; 95% CI, 3.49-7.63; P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: In this contemporary Canadian AF registry, the rate of guideline-concordant OAC use was high. About half of OAC-treated patients received NOACs. Patient- and physician-driven preferences, such as side effect profile, perceived greater efficacy, and cost, were strong determinants of NOAC use over warfarin use.