Differences in the Clinical Characteristics of Ethnic Minority Groups With Heart Failure Managed in Specialized Heart Failure Clinics
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OBJECTIVES: The purpose of our study was to compare the clinical features of Chinese and South Asians, the 2 largest minority populations in Canada, with non-Chinese/non-South Asian (NCH/NSA) patients managed in common social macroenvironments and healthcare systems. BACKGROUND: Heart failure is an increasingly prevalent condition. Although ethnic minorities comprise a growing proportion of the population in Western countries, the clinical profiles of ethnic minorities with heart failure are largely unknown. METHODS: We analyzed records of patients with heart failure managed in 2 specialized clinics in Ontario, Canada. Of the 1,671 patients, 181 (11%) were identified as Chinese and 215 (13%) as South Asian. RESULTS: Our analyses showed that fewer Chinese patients were found to have a history of myocardial infarction (MI) (30% vs. 52%), 3 occluded/stenosed coronary vessels on angiogram (47% vs. 51%), grade 3 or worse left ventricular dysfunction (22% vs. 42%), and a prescription of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (42% vs. 63%) compared with their NCH/NSA counterparts. In contrast, South Asian patients more frequently had a past history of an MI (70% vs. 52%), 3 occluded/stenosed coronary vessels on angiogram (68% vs. 51%), and treatment with coronary revascularizations (55% vs. 40%) compared with NCH/NSA patients. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates important differences in comorbid conditions, clinical characteristics, and treatment patterns among Chinese and South Asian patients compared with NCH/NSA patients with heart failure. Awareness of these differences will help to develop differential strategies necessary to prevent and manage heart failure among ethnic minority groups.
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