Ventral Penile Lengthening Versus Dorsal Plication for Severe Ventral Curvature in Children With Proximal Hypospadias
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PURPOSE: The 2 main approaches to correct severe ventral curvature are dorsal plication of the corpora and ventral corporeal lengthening by tunica albuginea patching. Controversy persists since neither technique has been proved to be superior to the other with respect to initial or long-term outcome. However, to our knowledge a direct comparison of outcome of these 2 procedures has not been previously reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of the records of 100 consecutive patients who underwent repair of penoscrotal or more proximal defects from 1996 to 2004 was performed. Children were divided into 2 groups, including group 1-32 who underwent a ventral penile lengthening procedure and group 2-68 who underwent dorsal plication. Meatal location, preoperative testosterone stimulation, severe ventral curvature (greater than 45 degrees) at the beginning of operation and after degloving, proximal ventral dissection, urethral plate transection and recurrent ventral curvature were compared between the 2 groups. RESULTS: Mean age was 17 months (range 9 to 56) in patients with ventral penile lengthening and 17.8 months (range 10 to 58) in patients with dorsal plication. Mean followup was 65 (range 29 to 120) and 62 months (range 30 to 116), respectively. Of the 32 group 1 children 30 (93.7%) had penoscrotal or more proximal hypospadias vs 57 of the 68 (83.8%) in group 2. Three of the 32 children who underwent ventral penile lengthening had recurrent ventral curvature vs 19 of the 68 who underwent dorsal plication (9.4% vs 27.9%, p = 0.03). On multivariate analysis dorsal plication remained significantly associated with recurrent ventral curvature independently of the other factors (OR 4.56, 95% CI 1.14-18.28, p = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Dorsal plication was more often associated with recurrent ventral curvature compared to ventral penile lengthening on univariate and multivariate analysis. Future studies adjusting for proximal ventral dissection and urethral plate transection are necessary to further elucidate the role of each technique in the correction of severe ventral curvature in children with proximal hypospadias.
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