Analysis of Control Rod Drop Accidents for the Canadian SCWR Using Coupled 3-Dimensional Neutron Kinetics and Thermal Hydraulics Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • The Canadian Supercritical Water-cooled Reactor (SCWR), a GEN IV reactor design, is a hybrid design of the well-established CANDUâ„¢ and Boiling Water Reactor with water above its thermodynamic critical point. Given the batch fueled design, control rods are used to manage the reactivity throughout the fuel cycle. This paper examines the consequences of a control rod drop accident (CRDA) for the Canadian SCWR. The asymmetry generated by the dropped rod requires an accurate 3-dimensional neutron kinetics calculation coupled to a detailed thermal-hydraulic model. Before simulating the CRDAs, the proper implementation of the 3D reactivity feedback was verified and various sensitivity studies were performed. This work demonstrates that the proposed safety systems for the SCWR core are capable of terminating the CRDA sequence prior to exceeding maximum sheath and centerline temperatures. In one instance involving a rod on the periphery of the core, the proposed trip setpoint (115% FP) was not exceeded and a new steady state was reached. Therefore it is recommended that the design also include provisions for a high-log rate and/or local Neutron Overpower Protection (NOP) trips, similar to existing CANDU designs such that reactor shutdown can be assured for such spatial anomalies.

publication date

  • 2018