Validity of the Fitbit One for Measuring Activity in Community-Dwelling Stroke Survivors
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Purpose: We determined the correlation between the Fitbit One and Actical accelerometer for quantifying the 3-day step count and activity levels in community-dwelling individuals with stroke. Method: Twelve participants with a mean age of 62.6 (SD 9.3) years wore both the Fitbit One and the Actical on the non-paretic ankle for 3 days. Regression analyses were performed to examine concurrent validity between the devices for step counts and sedentary, light, moderate, and vigorous activity. The relative error of the Fitbit One compared with the Actical in measuring step count was calculated. Results: Participants spent about 80% of their days being sedentary. The associations between the Fitbit One and the Actical were r>0.80 for step count and light-intensity activity across the 3 days of free-living activity. The overall relative error in measuring step count was 3.8%, with differences between those with walking speeds of less than 0.58 metres per second and 0.58 metres per second or more (27.4% [SD 34.2] vs. -8.0% [SD 10.7], p<0.001). Conclusions: The Fitbit One was associated with the Actical accelerometer in measuring step count and light-intensity activity during free-living activity after stroke, but had lower error in capturing step count for those with faster walking speeds. The Fitbit One may not be valid for capturing higher intensity activity after stroke.
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