The role of AMP-activated protein kinase in the expression of the dystrophin-associated protein complex in skeletal muscle.
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Stimulation of AMPK induces the expression of dystrophin-associated protein complex (DAPC) components in skeletal muscle, whereas reductions in AMPK are associated with DAPC dysfunction. We sought to determine whether AMPK was necessary for the maintenance of DAPC expression in skeletal muscle. Fast, glycolytic extensor digitorum longus (EDL) and slow, oxidative soleus (Sol) muscles from wild-type mice and from littermates with skeletal muscle-specific knockout of the AMPK β1 and β2 subunits (AMPK β1 β2M-KO; MKO) were analyzed. DAPC mRNA and protein expression were similar between genotypes, with the exception of elevated neuronal nitric oxide synthase expression at the sarcolemma in MKO muscles. The content of transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulators of the DAPC was also not affected by the loss of AMPK. However, MyoD and myogenin expression was diminished in MKO muscles, consistent with previous reports of myopathy in these animals. Furthermore, we observed decrements in extrasynaptic utrophin expression selectively in MKO Sol muscles, likely due to the adaptive accumulation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α at the sarcolemma of MKO EDL muscles. Collectively, the evidence indicates that AMPK is sufficient but not essential for the maintenance of DAPC expression in skeletal muscle, yet it is required for preserving extrasynaptic utrophin levels in slow oxidative muscles.-Dial, A. G., Rooprai, P., Lally, J. S., Bujak, A. L., Steinberg, G. R., Ljubicic, V. The role of AMP-activated protein kinase in the expression of the dystrophin-associated protein complex in skeletal muscle.
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