A novel luteinizing hormone/chorionic gonadotropin receptor mutation associated with amenorrhea, low oocyte yield, and recurrent pregnancy loss
- Additional Document Info
- View All
OBJECTIVE: To study the cause for poor oocyte yield, amenorrhea, and recurrent pregnancy loss in a patient undergoing IVF. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University-affiliated private IVF clinic. PATIENT(S): A 33-year-old woman with amenorrhea, recurrent ovarian cyst formation, poor oocyte yield, and repeated chemical pregnancies after IVF treatments. INTERVENTION(S): The hCG stimulation test and luteinizing hormone/chorionic gonadotropin receptor (LHCGR) gene sequencing. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): The presence of LHCGR gene mutations. RESULT(S): The patient had a markedly abrogated androgen response to 10,000 IU of hCG. A novel heterozygous inactivating mutation in exon 1 of the LHCGR gene was detected. This mutation was superimposed on a common LHCGR polymorphism. CONCLUSION(S): This novel mutation may provide a potential genetic mechanism for the poor oocyte recovery in some IVF cases. It is the first example of a heterozygous inactivating mutation in the LHCGR gene.
has subject area