Aging gradually renders bone marrow hematopoietically inactive. Endurance exercise reverses this phenotype in young mice. Here, we determine the effects in aged mice. Twenty-two month old mice (n = 6) underwent a progressive exercise training protocol. In appendicular bones, marrow cellularity increased by 51% (p < 0.05) and marrow CFU, CFU-GM, and CAFC increased by 12%, 71%, and 86%, respectively (p < 0.05). Vertebral cellularity remained unchanged. The mechanical forces associated with treadmill exercise training may be responsible for these observations.