Gamma (30–80Hz) bicoherence distinguishes seizures in the human epileptic brain
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We have applied wavelet bicoherence (BIC) analysis to human iEEG data to characterize non-linear frequency interactions in the human epileptic brain. Bicoherence changes were most prominent in the gamma (30-80 Hz) frequency band, and allowed for the differentiation between seizure and non-seizure states in all patients studied (n=3). While gamma band BIC values increased during seizure activity, this trend was only observed in a select number of electrode(s) located on the implanted patient subdural grids. Several studies have suggested that fast frequencies may play a role in the process of seizure genesis. While the small patient numbers limit the significance of our study, our results highlight the bicoherence of the gamma frequency band (30-80 Hz) as an ictal identifier, and suggest an active role of this fast frequency during seizures.
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