The effect of central bond torsional mobility on the Rydberg state ring opening of alkylcyclobutenes Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • The stereochemistry of the π,R(3s) excited state ring opening of a series of bicyclic alkylcyclobutenes has been studied in hydrocarbon solution with 228 nm excitation. In these compounds, the C=C bond is shared between the cyclobutene ring and a five-, six-, or seven-membered ancillary ring, which has the effect of restricting the torsional mobility about the central C—C bond in the isomeric diene products. It has previously been shown that monocyclic alkylcyclobutenes undergo stereospecific conrotatory ring opening upon excitation at the long wavelength edge of the π,R(3s) absorption band (228 nm), and nonstereospecific ring opening upon irradiation at shorter wavelengths (within the π,π* absorption band). Different behaviour is observed for the bicyclic systems studied in the present work. The bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-1-ene, bicyclo[4.2.0]oct-1-ene, and one of the bicyclo[5.2.0]non-1-ene derivatives yield nearly the same mixtures of E,E- and E,Z-diene isomers upon irradiation at 214 and 228 nm, with the product mixtures being heavily weighted in favor of the isomer(s) corresponding to disrotatory ring opening. The results may indicate that the stereochemical characteristics of the Rydberg-derived ring opening of alkylcyclobutenes depends on the ability of the molecule to twist about the "central" bond (i.e., the C=C bond in the cyclobutene) as ring opening proceeds. It is proposed that restricting the torsional mobility about the central bond activates internal conversion from the π,R(3s) to the π,π* potential energy surface, from which predominant disrotatory ring opening ensues.Key words: cyclobutene, Rydberg, ring opening, photopericyclic, electrocyclic.

publication date

  • June 1, 2003