Cultured sympathetic neurons express functional interleukin-1 receptors.
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Since recent work has identified an apoptotic pathway in sympathetic neurons that is mediated by autocrine interleukin-1 (IL-1), we investigated whether cultured sympathetic neurons possess functional IL-1 receptors. Cultured sympathetic neurons express levels of IL-1RI and IL-1RAcP mRNAs consistent with signal transduction. Neurons stimulated with IL-1 demonstrate enhanced p65 NF-kappaB nuclear translocation and enhanced NF-kappaB DNA binding activity, with at least p65 and p50 subunits participating in the DNA binding activity. RNA differential display identified several neuronal mRNAs regulated by IL-1, including a member of the reticulon family. We conclude that IL-1 stimulates a potential component of a neuronal secretory pathway.
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