- An investigation has been made of some physiological problems associated with the interpretation of in-vivo measurements of calcium by the argon-37 method. Inert-gas elimination in humans over a period of several days was studied using i.v. injections of Xe-133. The results imply that the exhalation rate of A-37 formed in bone will be affected by the individual's composition, in particular body fat. Comparison of calcium measurements between individuals and between laboratories is meaningful only if corrections are made for differing individual composition.