The Canadian Cardiovascular Society Heart Failure Companion: Bridging Guidelines to Your Practice Journal Articles uri icon

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  • The Canadian Cardiovascular Society Heart Failure (HF) Guidelines Program has generated annual HF updates, including formal recommendations and supporting Practical Tips since 2006. Many clinicians indicate they routinely use the Canadian Cardiovascular Society HF Guidelines in their daily practice. However, many questions surrounding the actual implementation of the Guidelines into their daily practice remain. A consensus-based approach was used, including feedback from the Primary and Secondary HF Panels. This companion is intended to answer several key questions brought forth by HF practitioners such as appropriate timelines for initial assessments and subsequent reassessments of patients, the order in which medications should be added, how newer medications should be included in treatment algorithms, and when left ventricular function should be reassessed. A new treatment algorithm for HF with reduced ejection fraction is included. Several other practical issues are addressed such as an approach to management of hyperkalemia/hypokalemia, treatment of gout, when medications can be stopped, and whether a target blood pressure or heart rate is suggested. Finally, elements and teaching of self-care are described. This tool will hopefully function to allow better integration of the HF Guidelines into clinical practice.


  • Howlett, Jonathan G
  • Chan, Michael
  • Ezekowitz, Justin A
  • Harkness, Karen
  • Heckman, George
  • Kouz, Simon
  • Leblanc, Marie-Hélène
  • Moe, Gordon W
  • O’Meara, Eileen
  • Abrams, Howard
  • Ducharme, Anique
  • Grzeslo, Adam
  • Hamilton, Peter G
  • Koshman, Sheri L
  • Lepage, Serge
  • McDonald, Michael
  • McKelvie, Robert
  • Rajda, Miroslaw
  • Swiggum, Elizabeth
  • Virani, Sean
  • Zieroth, Shelley

publication date

  • March 2016