Demultiplexer with blazed waveguide sidewall grating and sub-wavelength grating structure
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We propose an original diffraction grating demultiplexer device with a very small footprint, designed for the silicon-on-insulator waveguide platform. The wavelength dispersive properties are provided by a second-order diffraction grating designed to be lithographically defined and etched in the sidewall of a curved Si waveguide. The grating is blazed to maximize the -1st order diffraction efficiency. The diffracted light is coupled into the silicon slab waveguide via an impedance matching subwavelength grating gradient index antireflective interface. The waveguide is curved in order to focus the light onto the Rowland circle, where different wavelengths are intercepted by different receiver waveguides. The phase errors were substantially reduced using an apodized design with a chirped grating, which assures a constant effective index along the grating length. The simulated crosstalk is -30 dB. The device has 15 channels with a spacing of 25 nm, thus a broadband operational bandwidth of 375 nm. Its performance approaches the diffraction limit. The layout size is 90 microm x 140 microm, which is the smallest footprint yet reported for a mux/dmux device of a similar performance.
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