Functional characterization of the prostanoid DP receptor in human myometrium
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Spontaneous contractile activity of strips of human myometrium obtained from non-pregnant donors at the time of hysterectomy was inhibited by the selective prostanoid DP receptor agonists BW 245C (5-(6-carboxyhexyl)-1-(3-cyclohexyl-3-hydroxypropyl)hydantoin) and ZK110841 ((5Z,13E)-(9R,11R,15S)-9 beta-chlor-15-cyclohexyl-11,15-dihydroxy-16,17,18,19, 20-pentanor-5,13-prostadienoic acid) with pEC50 values of 8.4 and 7.3 respectively but prostaglandin D2 produced a biphasic effect. In the presence of the TP receptor antagonist L670596 ((-)-6,8-difluoro-9-p-methylsulfonyl benzyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydrocarbazol-1-yl-acetic acid), contractile activity induced by the FP receptor agonist, cloprostenol ([1R-[1 alpha(Z),2 beta(1E,3R),3 alpha,5 alpha]]-7-[2-[4-(3- chlorophenoxy)-3-hydroxy-7-butenyl]-3,5-dihydroxycyclopentyl]-5-he ptenoic acid), was inhibited by BW 245C (pEC50 = 7.5), ZK110841 (pEC50 = 6.7) and prostaglandin D2 (pEC50 = 6.3). Under these conditions both prostaglandin J2 and 9 alpha,11 beta-prostaglandin F2 were inhibitory partial agonists. All compounds were antagonized by the selective DP receptor antagonist BW A868C (3-benzyl-5-(6-carboxyhexyl)-1-(2-cyclohexyl-2-hydroxyethylamino)h ydantoin), but the pKB values were both concentration-dependent (pKB versus BW 245C at 10 nM = 9.1, at 50 nM = 8.3) and agonist-dependent (pKB at 10 nM versus BW 245C = 9.1, versus ZK110841 = 7.4). Both agonist and antagonist potencies support the existence of DP receptors in human myometrium. The concentration and agonist dependence of the action of BW A868C suggests that putative DP receptor agonists relax human myometrium by more than one mechanism. These observations may be explained by the existence of subtypes of DP receptor in human myometrium.
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