The Impact of Home Care on Recently Discharged Elderly Hospital Patients in an Ontario Community Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • ABSTRACTHospital and long-term care facility utilization, mortality and functional status over a 12-month follow-up period are described for elderly home care recipients who had been discharged from an acute care hospital. Of those eligible for receipt of services from the Program, 356 (92%) patients 65 years of age and older agreed to participate in the study at the time of discharge from an acute care hospital. Of these, 82.2 per cent survived during the subsequent 12 months, 44 per cent were readmitted to hospital, and 5 per cent were admitted to a nursing home or home for the aged. After adjusting for socio-demographic and health variables using regression analyses, the total number of home care services received was significantly associated with physical function and social function at 12 months. Similarly, the analyses revealed home care “social services” (social worker visits, meals on wheels, visiting home maker visits and volunteer visits) received were significantly associated with morale at 12 months. The clinical significance of these findings for case-management and home care program management and monitoring are discussed.

publication date

  • 1990