Thermal wrinkling behavior of formable decorative film laminates Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • This paper focuses on wrinkle development in decorative film laminates during heating operations with the goal to understand their driving factors and develop strategies to overcome such defects. The study looked at temperature and heating rate effects on the wrinkling behavior of a commercial black-out film laminated onto a metal substrate. The 135℃ threshold temperature identified for our film under which no wrinkles formed, related to the stiffness of its different construction layers. Heating rate was also noted by this study to be an important parameter in wrinkling; values between 1℃ and 350℃/min were tested. It was possible to exceed the threshold temperature stated above without wrinkling when the heating rate was sufficiently low (closer to 1℃/min, though less than 50℃/min was often sufficient depending on the final temperature). The heating rate effect is believed to be related to the time-dependent viscoelastic response of the compliant layer in relation to building thermal stresses.

publication date

  • July 2017