Response of hydroperoxidase and superoxide dismutase deficient mutants of Escherichia coli K-12 to oxidative stress
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In Escherichia coli, the coordinate action of two antioxidant enzymes, superoxide dismutase and hydroperoxidase (catalase), protect the cell from the deleterious effects of oxyradicals generated during normal aerobic respiration. To evaluate the relative importance of these two classes of enzymes, strains of E. coli deficient in superoxide dismutase and (or) hydroperoxidase were constructed by generalized transduction and their physiological responses to oxygen and oxidant stress examined. Superoxide dismutase was found to be more important than hydroperoxidase in preventing oxygen-dependent growth inhibition and mutagenesis, and in reducing sensitivity to redox-active compounds known to generate the superoxide anion. However, both types of enzymes were required for an effective defense against chemical oxidants that generate superoxide radicals and hydrogen peroxide.
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