Deficient base excision repair of oxidative DNA damage induced by methylene blue plus visible light in xeroderma pigmentosum group C fibroblasts
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Methylene blue plus visible light (MB+VL) results in oxidative DNA damage, producing predominantly 7,8-dihydroxy-8-oxoguanine and other single base modifications that are repaired by base excision repair (BER). AdCA17 is non-replicating recombinant human adenovirus that infects human cells and expresses the beta-galactosidase (beta-gal) reporter gene. We have examined host cell reactivation (HCR) of beta-gal activity for (MB+VL)-treated AdCA17 in cells from patients with xeoroderma pigmentosum from complementation group C (XP-C). HCR was substantially reduced in an SV40 transformed XP-C fibroblast compared to two SV40-transformed normal cells and in three XP-C primary fibroblast strains compared to four normal strains for both untreated and UVC-treated cells. These results indicate an involvement of the XPC gene in BER of MB+VL-induced oxidative DNA damage. In addition, pre-UVC-treatment of both normal and XP-C fibroblasts resulted in enhanced HCR of the MB+VL-treated reporter gene giving evidence for a UVC-inducible and XPC-independent BER pathway in human cells.
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