Automatic segmentation of multimodal brain tumor images based on classification of super-voxels
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Despite the rapid growth in brain tumor segmentation approaches, there are still many challenges in this field. Automatic segmentation of brain images has a critical role in decreasing the burden of manual labeling and increasing robustness of brain tumor diagnosis. We consider segmentation of glioma tumors, which have a wide variation in size, shape and appearance properties. In this paper images are enhanced and normalized to same scale in a preprocessing step. The enhanced images are then segmented based on their intensities using 3D super-voxels. Usually in images a tumor region can be regarded as a salient object. Inspired by this observation, we propose a new feature which uses a saliency detection algorithm. An edge-aware filtering technique is employed to align edges of the original image to the saliency map which enhances the boundaries of the tumor. Then, for classification of tumors in brain images, a set of robust texture features are extracted from super-voxels. Experimental results indicate that our proposed method outperforms a comparable state-of-the-art algorithm in term of dice score.
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