Oral contraceptives and the risk of venous thromboembolism: An update
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OBJECTIVE: To provide current and emerging evidence on oral contraceptives and the risk of venous thromboembolism. EVIDENCE: Articles published in English from 2005 were retrieved through searches of PubMed and Medline, using the following terms: venous thromboembolism, VTE, contraception, oral contraceptives, hormonal contraception. Results were restricted to systematic reviews, randomized control trials/controlled clinical trials, and observational studies. Searches were updated on a regular basis and incorporated in the guideline to May 2010. Grey (unpublished) literature was identified through searching the websites of health technology assessment and health technology assessment-related agencies, clinical practice guideline collections, clinical trial registries, and national and international medical specialty societies. VALUES: The quality of evidence was rated using the criteria described by the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care (Table).
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