Effects of prolonged exercise and recovery on sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ cycling properties in rat muscle homogenates
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AIM: To examine the effects of exercise and exercise plus active and passive recovery on sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+-handling properties. METHODS: Crude muscle homogenates were prepared from adult rat gastrocnemius muscle from two experiments. In one experiment, the muscle was extracted immediately after prolonged treadmill running (RUN), after a 45 min period of reduced exercise intensity (RUN+) following RUN and compared with controls (CON). In the second experiment, muscle was extracted during passive recovery following the same run protocol at 10 min (REC10), 25 min (REC25) and 45 min (REC45) and compared with CON. RESULTS: Sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-uptake was 31% higher (P < 0.05) in RUN+ compared with CON and RUN. Higher values (P < 0.05) were also found in REC25 (48%) and REC45 (50%) compared with CON. Maximal Ca2+-ATPase was increased by 23% (P < 0.05) in RUN+ compared with CON and RUN and by 65-68% (P < 0.05) in REC25 and REC45 compared with CON. A higher (P < 0.05) Hill coefficient for Ca2+-ATPase activity was observed in RUN+ (2.3 +/- 0.2) compared with CON (1.7 +/- 0.2) or RUN (1.6 +/- 0.2), but not for any REC conditions. In addition, the coupling ratio (Ca2+-uptake/Ca2+-ATPase activity) was higher (P < 0.05) in RUN+ (2.2 +/- 0.10) compared with CON (1.9 +/- 0.05) and RUN (1.9 +/- 0.08). CONCLUSIONS: It is concluded that in crude homogenates, SR Ca2+-uptake and Ca2+-ATPase activity are elevated in recovery following prolonged running and that the elevation in these properties is more pronounced during passive compared with active recovery.
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