Carboxymethyl and hydrazide functionalized β-cyclodextrin derivatives: A systematic investigation of complexation behaviours with the model hydrophobic drug dexamethasone Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Cyclodextrins (CDs) are typically functionalized to increase their solubility or provide reactive functional groups suitable for grafting onto polymer supports designed for controlled release applications. In this work, a systematic investigation was performed on the binding behaviour of the model drug dexamethasone with βCD derivatives functionalized with a small, negatively charged moiety (carboxyl groups, CM) and a large, neutral, reactive moiety (hydrazide groups, Hzd), both free and grafted to dextran. Solubilization capacities and thermodynamic parameters were examined through phase solubility analysis, the method of continuous variation, and isothermal titration calorimetry. Alternate mechanisms of solubilization were also investigated by probing aggregation of both free and complexed βCD derivatives using nanoparticle tracking analysis. CM/βCD and Hzd/βCD derivatives exhibited similar complexation behaviours with dexamethasone: 1:1 stoichiometry, linear phase solubility profiles, and consistent binding enthalpies. Increased functionalization reduced the complex stability constant as well as the complexation efficiency, while polymer grafting resulted in no significant change in binding properties. CM/βCD derivatives complexed with dexamethasone formed more and larger aggregates, while Hzd/βCD derivatives formed significantly fewer, smaller aggregates and dextran-grafted βCD did not aggregate. Such characterization of βCD derivatives provides a framework for designing βCDs as pharmaceutical excipients or drug binding sites in drug delivery vehicles.

publication date

  • September 2014