Modeling of nucleate boiling heat transfer under an impinging free jet
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A model using an analytical/empirical approach has been developed to predict the rate of heat transfer in the stagnation region of a planar jet impinging on a horizontal flat surface. The model has been developed based on the hypothesis that bubble-induced mixing would result in enhanced or additional diffusivity. The additional diffusivity has been included in the diffusion term of the conservation equations. The value of the effective diffusivity has been correlated with jet parameters (velocity and temperature) and surface temperature using experimental data. The important aspects of the bubble dynamics (generation frequency and average bubble diameter) have been acquired using high-speed imaging and an intrusive optical probe. The applicability of the proposed model has been investigated under conditions of partial and fully-developed nucleate boiling. Experiments have been carried out using water at atmospheric pressure, mass flux in the range of 388–1649kg/m2s, degree of sub-cooling in the range of 10–28°C, and surface temperature in the range of 75–120°C. Results showed that the proposed model is able to predict the surface heat flux with reasonable accuracy (+30% and −15%).
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