Effects of 2 nm size added heterogeneity on non-exponential dielectric response, and the dynamic heterogeneity view of molecular liquids Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • To investigate how non-exponential response could vary under different conditions, we studied the effects of adding 2 nm size polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) to diglycidyl ether of bisphenol-A, whose molecules have the same terminal (epoxide) dipoles as the tentacle-like side chains attached to the silsesquioxane core of the POSS molecule. Dielectric relaxation spectra show that, on initial addition, the POSS nano-heterogeneity decreases the non-exponential response parameter β, which is consistent with the dynamic heterogeneity view, but it also decreases the relaxation time τ(m), which is inconsistent with that view. The variations in β and τ(m) with the composition have a thermal equivalence. Despite the lack of translational diffusion required for dynamic heterogeneity, plastic crystals show non-exponential response and non-Arrhenius dynamics. Measurements of β and τ(m) seem more appropriate than using probe molecules or modeling nonlinear response data as a sum of linear responses for testing the dynamic heterogeneity view. Data on molecular liquid mixtures is not generally consistent with this view, and adding a solute does not always decrease β. Studies of mixtures of different size rigid molecules with identical dipolar groups, including polymers, may be useful for comparing the relative effects of temperature and molecular size on β and τ(m).

publication date

  • September 14, 2012