Relaxations and nano-phase-separation in ultraviscous heptanol-alkyl halide mixture Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • To gain insight into the effects of liquid-liquid phase separation on molecular relaxation behavior we have studied an apparently homogeneous mixture of 5-methyl-2-hexanol and isoamylbromide by dielectric spectroscopy over a broad temperature range. It shows two relaxation regions, widely separated in frequency and temperature, with the low-frequency relaxation due to the alcohol and the high-frequency relaxation due to the halide. In the mixture, the equilibrium dielectric permittivity epsilon(s) of the alcohol is 41% of the pure state at 155.7 K and epsilon(s) of isoamylbromide is approximately 86% of the pure state at 128.7 K. The difference decreases for the alcohol component with decreasing temperature and increases for the isoamylbromide component. The relaxation time tau of 5-methyl-2-hexanol in the mixture at 155.7 K is over five orders of magnitude less than in the pure state, and this difference increases with decreasing temperature, but tau of isoamylbromide in the mixture is marginally higher than in the pure liquid. This shows that the mixture would have two T(g)'s corresponding to its tau of 10(3) s, with values of approximately 121 K for its 5-methyl-2-hexanol component and approximately 108 K for its isoamylbromide component. It is concluded that the mixture phase separates in submicron or nanometer-size aggregates of the alcohol in isoamylbromide, without affecting the latter's relaxation kinetics, while its own epsilon(s) and tau decrease markedly.

publication date

  • January 21, 2007