Radiofrequency catheter ablation of accessory pathways during entrainment of AV reentrant tachycardia.
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Radiofrequency ablation of accessory pathways must sometimes be done during orthodromic atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia when manifest anterograde accessory pathway conduction is absent or retrograde fusion obscures accessory pathway location during ventricular pacing. Unfortunately, abrupt heart rate slowing upon radiofrequency induced termination of atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia often causes catheter dislodgment. We report our experience in circumventing this problem during radiofrequency ablation by using entrainment of atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia. The latter maintains retrograde activation pattern over the accessory pathway while preventing abrupt ventricular rate change. Eight patients (4 men and 4 women, mean age 37.3 +/- 17.9) with eleven left-sided accessory pathways were included. Ablation during entrainment was used as the first approach in three patients with concealed accessory pathways and one patient with a bidirectional accessory pathway. In another four patients, ablation during entrainment was used after technical difficulties in ablating during tachycardia. Only 1-3 radiofrequency applications were required to eliminate the accessory pathway using the entrainment technique. The catheter remained stable when accessory pathway conduction was interrupted by radiofrequency current. In conclusion, entrainment of atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia during radiofrequency application is useful for maintaining catheter position for accessory pathway ablation during atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia.
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