Detailed modeling of the epitaxial growth of GaAs nanowires
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A detailed continuum model is presented for predicting the growth characteristics of GaAs nanowires during chemical beam epitaxy. The model describes the transport processes of Ga and As adatoms on the substrate and nanowire sidewalls, and through the nanoparticle and the nanowire-catalyst interface (NCI). The growth mechanisms of nanowires within the NCI are described using an extended step-flow kinetic model. The vapor-liquid-solid and vapor-solid-solid growth mechanisms are both described in the kinetic model. The growth rate of the nanowires, the surface and bulk concentrations of adatoms, and the role of transport processes of Ga and As adatoms during chemical beam epitaxy were investigated. The growth mechanisms of the nanowires were found to vary with increasing length of the nanowire.
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